What is Pelvic Floor Therapy? And How Does It Help in Reducing Pelvic Pain?

What is Pelvic Floor Therapy? And How Does It Help in Reducing Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a common problem that makes it difficult to coordinate the muscles for a smooth bowel movement resulting in several other diseases. However, with the developments in the medicinal world, various types of pelvic floor therapies have been introduced to ease the pain. Heading to a reliable center like  Indiana Neurology & Pain Center (INPC) can help you learn simple therapy exercises to overcome the condition. Let’s talk about pelvic floor therapies in detail to help you understand the condition and its solution better.

What happens in pelvic floor dysfunction?

Before proceeding with therapies, let’s first understand what pelvic floor dysfunction is and the factors that may trigger it. The pelvic floor comprises muscles that serve as the home for the bladder, rectum and uterus allowing a smooth function by coordinating muscles to relax and tighten. Now, when there is a dysfunction in the pelvic floor, the muscle coordination gets hampered resulting in constant tightening of muscles. This leads to improper bowel movements or even poop or pee leakage. 

Being a chronic condition, pelvic floor dysfunction can be triggered by any of these:

  • Fibroids 
  • Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
  • Mental health risks 
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome 
  • Irritated bowel syndrome 
  • Endometriosis

What is pelvic floor therapy?

Pelvic floor physical therapy talks about a set of exercises alongside a few lifestyle changes that can help in naturally reducing the pain and bringing back normal pelvic floor movements. Treatment for your pelvic floor dysfunction consists of two aspects- Physical tests and exercise suggestions. 

  • Physical tests

This step includes a diagnosis of the underlying condition that is causing a dysfunction. Your doctor will conduct a test to check the core strength of the pelvic floor to design a personalized set of therapy exercises that will help you overcome the pain and discomfort and have a normal functioning pelvic floor.

  • Exercise suggestions

After the physical tests are completed you will be trained to practice exercises. The doctor can suggest therapies including manual therapy, kinesio taping, trigger point therapy or any other that suits the condition. 

Types of pelvic floor therapy

If you are diagnosed with pelvic floor dysfunction then your doctor will suggest either physical therapy or interventional therapy depending on the conditions. Since the condition hampers everyday life, you must consult a team of experts for a fast and reliable recovery. 

Take a look at these therapies that are suggested for pelvic floor dysfunction:

  • Manual Therapy

Manual therapy is efficient in reducing pain and pushing a faster recovery. This type of therapy mostly includes exercises for the pelvic floor to ease muscle movements. 

  • Kinesio Taping

Kinesio taping is a type of therapy that is done using different types of tapes to ease chronic pain. There are four major types of tapes designed to be used on different body parts and skin types. These are colorful stretchy tapes made with cotton and nylon to mimic skin’s natural elasticity paving the way for complete motion. Kinesio taping is done as pelvic pain therapy helps to facilitate muscle movements and reduce pain and swelling. 

  • Trigger Point Therapy

As the name suggests, trigger point therapy is done by finding accurate points in the body that are either triggering the pain or have the capacity to ease the pain. This type of therapy is advised to be performed only under an expert’s supervision and not at home. A human body has multiple trigger points and when you undergo a physical test, your doctor can locate these trigger points to perform the therapy.

  • Electric Stimulation

Electric stimulation or electric pulses are efficient in relaxing muscles and reducing pain/swelling. Under this kind of therapy, doctors use electric impulses that basically send signals to the brain resulting in the relaxation of muscles and sometimes the release of endorphins also help by acting as the body’s natural painkiller. Electric simulations are used in case of chronic pain to provide instant relief.

  • Pelvic floor rehabilitation

If you are consulting a reliable doctor, you will be provided with pre and post surgery/therapy rehabilitation to help you ease in. There are pain-management strategies that help you before a surgery or therapy session and once you are done with the surgery/therapy, you will be provided with exercises to relax muscles and overcome the pain.

Note– All the above-mentioned therapies, though efficient, must be performed only after consulting a doctor to avoid any mishap. 

Benefits of pelvic floor therapy

Now that you are aware of pelvic floor dysfunction and the types of therapies, you might wonder whether these therapies have practical benefits. Let’s learn about the various benefits of pelvic floor therapy:

  • Strengthened muscles

Weak pelvic muscles are a part of pelvic floor dysfunction that can be cured with therapies. Pelvic therapy helps in manipulating the muscles making them stronger for better, relaxed movements and pelvic floor strengthening

  • Better coordination of pelvic muscles

The biggest challenge faced under pelvic floor dysfunction is the lack of coordination in pelvic muscles which results in improper bowel movements. Therapies while helping in strengthening pelvic muscles also improve coordination leading to smooth relaxing and tightening of muscles. This ensures a cure for bowel challenges and chronic pain, as well.  

  • Relaxation and pain reduction

Pelvic floor therapy helps in relaxing muscles leading to a reduction in chronic pain.While electrical stimulations can help in easing chronic pain, manual therapies are suggested to ease everyday pain and muscle relaxations. Additionally, your doctor can suggest manual therapies that can be performed at home, as well.

  • Avoiding medication

Although medicines are beneficial in treating different types of pelvic-related pain and problems, therapy allows you to cure the dysfunction without having to take medicines, reducing even the slightest chance of facing the ill effects of harsh medicines.

  • Treatment for correlated problems

Pelvic floor dysfunction mostly does not operate in isolation. Constipation, poor metabolism and painful intercourse are some co-related problems. Urinary incontinence treatment is a part of therapy, as well. Pelvic floor therapy treats the dysfunction paving the way to naturally treat correlated problems. 


Pelvic floor dysfunction is a common yet chronic condition that must be treated at an initial stage to prevent it from turning into a severe problem. The best part is that you can get yourself diagnosed and opt for therapies to naturally cure the dysfunction and ease the pain, treat improper bowel movements and strengthen your pelvic muscles. 

To find a reliable team of experts, you can head to INPC, an institution designed to pave your way to a pain-free life. INPC is a renowned pain management clinic that believes in personalized suggestions for quicker and long-lasting recovery. Book you appointment today at your preferred location:

  1. 7301 N Shadeland Ave, Clinic 1A Physical Therapy 1C, Indianapolis, IN 46250. Contact Number- 317-939-6100.
  2. 3850 Shore Drive, Clinic 203, Physical Therapy 201, Indianapolis, IN 46254. Contact Number- 317-939-6100.
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